Thursday, October 10, 2013

Blog 5: How is Pakistan educating the youth of their country?

Education is a major problem within Pakistan and for many reasons at that. The education system there also has a significant gender gap, leaving many women uneducated. In the article I read, it starts off with a story about a 15-year-old girl who was shot through the head on her way home from school and survived. The reason is even more shocking though, she was shot because she was going to school. At that time the Taliban had a ban on female education where she was living at that time. Since then she has moved and wrote “Diary of a Pakistani Schoolgirl” and done numerous interviews on TV. The article explains how many would place the blame on the Taliban for the inability to educate women, but that’s not the issue. It’s not just the education of females that is affected in Pakistan but also boys. The percentages of children attending primary school for girls is 67 and boys 81 percent. When it comes to secondary school we see a big problem it’s 38% for boys and 29% for girls. Another shocking statistic is that only 60 % of women and half of men are unable to read or write. The ones who are creating these nuclear weapons are unable to sign their own names.  The sad part is that the population is above 180 million and a large number of those are children who cannot attend secondary school. Much of the resources that could be used to improve the school are used on the conflict with India over the area of Kashmir. 
The figures say that in the years of 2012-2013 that 54 percent of public spending went towards loans to buy weapons in which they loaned money for defense. Also, many citizens there are avoiding taxes. The statistics say less than 880,000 pay income taxes and a good amount of the cabinet members are not paying as well.  The classes in a lot of the remote regions stopped having classes but the teachers were pocketing money and the officials in the area were given some of the money for reporting that everything was running smoothly at the schools.  There is also a problem with keeping children in the schools because many of the areas need the help of their children to work in the fields and they often feel being in school is not profiting them. Many who are in school typically stop attending during the time of harvest, because their families need the money.  Also many still carry the traditional views in believing women should not be educated.
How is this creating problems within Pakistan? There is barely if at all many children being educated. There is a lot of criminal activity with the teachers there who aren’t teaching because the attendance is low, yet the teachers are pocketing the money and the official are keeping quiet about it, so they can’t fix the problems. This is effecting the youth of Pakistan, many won’t go on to college and will be stuck working for their families. The growth of their country is threatened without the education of the children because the country will stay behind in comparison to others. The money there is being used the wrong way, their priority is obviously not on education but war over territory. The cycle of being poor will also continue if the parents don’t see the need for education but what they don’t realize is that if the children were educated they would be able to receive better jobs and a better life than what they had and they would no longer be poor.  The families need the children to survive but if the education system there was better they wouldn’t be in the place they are now. Another problem is income tax it’s not being paid and if it was there would be more money to put into the education system. There are several things Pakistan could do to fix their education problem, but they have created a cycle that must come to an end.
 Name: Sarah Vestrat
Date: 10/10/2013
Time: 9:12 PM

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