The good news concerning child mortality is that in the recent years it is almost half of what it was in 1990. However, 18,000 children die a day and now 6 million under five die a year. The idea here was to show you the mass amount of children who die every year and link it to specific reasons. Why do these children die? According to the article they die from diseases such as, malaria, diarrhea, prematurity, birth asphyxia and last but not least about 45 percent of these under-five deaths occur due to malnutrition. I know this is quite the contrast to go from obesity issues to basically problems of malnutrition and lack of adequate diets. China has obesity problems but also the article states “China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. India (22%) and Nigeria (13%) together account for more than one-third of all deaths of children under the age of five.” Inequalities exist in many places in the world for example, China as I discussed earlier has a growing epidemic of obesity, but yet it’s listed as one of countries that account for child deaths under five. In our text, we talked about the double divide “great gaps in wealth and income remain between countries, but within almost any country one finds large, and often growing gaps between rich and poor residents” (Sernau, 17).
The article states that lack of good health care is the main reason most of these children die and a lot of them in the first day of life. The millennium development goals aim to reduce the number of child deaths to 2/3 by 2015 and this is not feasible without some change in health care. Sub-Saharan Africa is suffering with 98 deaths per 1000 births and most children born there are 16 times more likely to die by their 5th birthday. The Millennium development goals seem to be very important here, because without these goals and help these numbers would not be brought down as significantly. Although, inequality is a huge social problem we are not seeing the end of it coming soon, making opportunity for these countries is vital. A social problem exists when it affects a large group of people and with the Millennium development goals they are seeking to minimize these social problems and with the right help can make it happen.
Sernau, Scott. Global Problems The Search for Equity, Peace, and Sustianability. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson, n.d. Print.