Thursday, October 03, 2013

Heart disease number one killer

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the world, in fact in Pakistan it is the leading cause of disease.  This disease claimed 7 million lives in 2011 according the World Health Organization. However, today we are focusing on a story brought to you from Pakistan and the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD).  The reason I chose to discuss this is that it is affecting a number of people in Pakistan. In fact, 30 to 40 percent of all deaths are due to cardiovascular diseases in Pakistan.  Deaths from this disease have reached 200,000 per year and that is 410/100,000 of the population.

Furthermore, the article I chose mentions that children are prone to get cardiovascular diseases and this can begin before they are even born during development, and this increases throughout their lives because of lack of exercise, unhealthy diets and smoking.  The technology we have today has detrimentally affected children, because it influences a lack of physical activity. The diets we consume are full of “bad” fats, sugar and the advertisement of tobacco is a contributor, which according to WHO, “78 % of young people aged 13-15 years report regular exposure to some form of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.” This is a big problem because smoking is one of the causes that increase cardiovascular disease.  In the article, Dr. Ashraf says that unless one takes action to modify their risk factors the greater the likelihood of getting heart disease.

The article discusses many other risk factors including male pattern baldness, salt intake, tooth loss, poverty and urbanization. These things all turn back to the fact that being in poverty can cause all of these risk factors potentially. The answer to prevent cardiovascular disease would be to implement a ban on tobacco advertisements, promotion of healthy diets in urban and rural areas and daily exercise routines. How about replacing those tobacco advertisements with healthy eating ones? It is a proven fact that banning tobacco advertisements are very effective.  They also discuss salt intake in Pakistan as a problem, they say that the amount of salt as a country they intake is greater than the rest of the world. 

The article suggested promoting healthier lunches at school s and being physically active and not meaning going running and such something as simple as outdoor play for children or household work for adults.  Heart disease affects not only other countries, but a variety of individuals including women, men and also children. The best thing to do and that we can do is make people aware.  This all points back to sociology because it is becoming a big problem in the world affecting a lot of people. Heart disease interrupts lives, work and people do not live as long as intended therefore not being as productive for as long as they can. 

Emily Vestrat- 10/3/13 6:17 pm 

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